About Rwanda

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Discover the Land of 1000 Hills

Rwanda, is a landlocked republic lying south of the Equator in east-central Africa. Known for its breathtaking scenery, Rwanda is often referred to as le pays des millecollines (French: “land of a thousand hills”). The capital is Kigali, located in the center of the country. The country has three official languages:  Kinyarwanda, English, and French.

Rwanda has a temperate tropical highland climate, with lower temperatures than is typical of equatorial countries because of its high elevation. The average daily temperature sits around 26 degrees Celsius. Rwanda has 2 rainy seasons, the first between February and June, the second from September to December. These are separated by two dry seasons, the major one from June to September during which there is often no rain at all, and a shorter and less severe one from December to February. Rainfall varies geographically, with the west and northwest of the country receiving more precipitation annually than the east and southeast.

Rwanda is the most densely populated country in mainland Africa, with 12 million people in 26 000 sq. km. Rwanda is also known for low levels of corruption and is ranked as one of the cleanest and safest countries in Africa. Political parties are prohibited from basing themselves on race, ethnic group, tribe, clan, region, sex, or any other division which may give rise to discrimination.

Rwanda is one of only two countries in the world with a female majority in the national parliament

Rwanda is also known by its traumatizing history of Genocide, which took place in 1994 but with inspiring recovery made possible only by God and through Rwandans themselves, the nation has been reunited like never before. As part of rehabilitation, on the last Saturday of each month there is Umuganda, a national morning of mandatory community service. During this time all people between 18 and 65 are expected to carry out community tasks such as cleaning streets or building homes for vulnerable people, joining together at the end to sing and dance together.

The Rwandan economy is based mostly on subsistence agriculture. Coffee and tea are the major crops for export and the industry provides the largest employment opportunities in the country. Coffee and tea plantations throughout the country have enabled to the creation of community supporting co-operatives.

Rwanda is a very small country with diverse landscapes. Eastern Province is where kagura National Park is located. Known for its woodlands, bush savanna, and 11 lakes, Akagera is home to a variety of wildlife including The Big Five and more than 400 species of birds.
Northern Province is home to Volcanoes National Park, the highest mountain in Rwanda – the only place where wild mountain gorillas live. You will also find Golden Monkeys and buffalos; meandering rivers, the beautiful Twin Lakes, a Rwandan cultural village and Musanze Caves.
In the far west of the country you will find attractions mostly associated with the Albertine Rift. Beautiful Lake Kivu, one of the five biggest lakes in Africa, with its numerous islands, stunning blue waters and unique night fishermen in their traditional boats are something you can’t miss. You will also find the famous Congo Nile Trail, Hot Springs and Ndaba rock waterfall.

The south of the country is boarded by the spectacular Nyungwe Rainforest. Explore this incredible ecosystem by hiking the abundant trails and experience the spirit of the magical ancient forest from the height of the Canopy Walk in the tree tops. Families of chimpanzee inhabit the forest; blue monkeys and black and white colobus hide and play in the tangle. Southern Provence is considered to be historical and cultural origin of Banyarwanda (Rwandan). The National Museum of Rwanda is located here, lauded as one of the best museums in Central Africa.